Syllable Markup   


Syllable Type
Description
Examples
Markup Sample
Closed
1. This syllable can only have one vowel.

2. The vowel is followed by one or more consonants (closed in).

3. The vowel sound is short, marked with a breve.
up
it
hat
sock
ship
last
chill
Open
1. This syllable has only one vowel which is the last letter in the syllable.

2. The vowel sound is long, marked with a macron (-).

3. This syllable can be combined with other syllables to make multisyllabic words.
I
be
by
shy
he
hi
me
my
Vowel-Consonant-e
1. This syllable has a vowel, then a cosonant, then an e.

2. The first vowel has a long sound, marked with a macron(-).

3. The e is silent.

4. This syllable can be combined with other syllables to make multisyllabic words.
bike
like
drove
ape
snake
Pete
cube
tube
stove
Consonant-le
1. This syllable has only three letters: a consonant, an l, and an e (ble, cle, dle, gle, kle, ple, tle, zle).

2. The e is silent. It is the vowel. Every syllable needs at least one vowel. The consonant and thel are soundedlike a blend.

3. This syllable must be the last syllable in a multisyllabic word.
cradle
little
bubble
uncle
buckle
chuckle
puzzle
giggle
R-Controlled
1. This syllable contains a single vowel followed by an r (ar, er, ir, or, ur).

2. The vowel is neither long nor short; it is controlled by the r.

3. This syllable can be combined with other syllables to make multisyllabic words.
start
fir
hurt
art
for
nor
faster
smarter
Double Vowel
1. This syllable contains a vowel digraph or a diphthong. These are vowel teams.

2. This syllable can be combined with other syllables to mke multisyllabic words.

Vowel Digraph: Two vowels together that represent one sound (ee).

Diphthong: A sound that begins with one vowel sound and glides into another (oi).
beat
feel
boat
sail
boot
foot
new
schwa


The schwa is not technically a syllable.
1. The schwa is the most frequent vowel sound in the English language.

1. This syllable contais a vowel that sounds like /uh/, but is different than the sound expected.

2. Schwa sounds like short u, except the schwa is weaker. Short u has strong stress, but schwa has weak stress.

3. The schwa is symbolized by an upside-down rotated e.

4. All the vowels can be used to spell the schwa sound.

5. The schwa word comes from an ancient Hebrew word, which means "emptiness" or no vowel sound.
about
mother
father
son
brother
collect
soda
silent
from